Approximately 1 in 4 Afghans have been displaced at one point in their lives and since 2002 more than 6 million Afghans have returned from neighbouring countries. In 2016 and 2017, over 1 million Afghans came home from Iran, Pakistan and other countries, with many settling in Kabul or Nangarhar provinces. The UN’s collaborative efforts in this sector support the Government’s vision to ‘ensuring a better future for our refugees, returning migrants and internally displaced people’, highlighting that returnees and IDPs are a valuable source of human capital that can contribute to economic growth and development.
UN agency programmes, particularly in the areas of high return and displacement contribute to the achievement of the following outcomes which impact returnees, IDPs and host communities:
- Increase access to basic services for community resilience and social cohesion;
- Improve access to adequate land and housing;
- Improve access to livelihoods and jobs through market based programming;
- Facilitate voluntary, gradual and safe return, regular and responsible migration and mobility by implementing well-planned and managed policies; and
- Ensure access of the returnees, displaced populations, and host communities to the infrastructure services in areas of high return and displacement, including (or particularly) in the returnee townships.